All articles, all subjects – ever

List of ALL articles by subject and the subjects are: general practices for alternative processes, how-to articles, history, photographers and people, book reviews and more.


After printing and mounting

What to do with your prints after you are done, how to mount and choose a mat, making an album or even making a quilt.

Allan Lamb
Archival techniques – comments on the past

Allan Lamb, author of Framing Photography and a certified picture framer reflects on the importance of proper archival techniques.

Handmade book
Bookmaking – creating a handmade book

How to make a book of your art - or art of a book.

Framing photographs
Choosing the right mat

Peter Wiklund runs us through the choices we have to make when deciding on a mat.

Selena Oppenheim
Creating Portfolios That Sell

Tips for photographers working in the commercial world on how to present your work and create a portfolio.

Image transfer lomography
Emulsion transfer – lomographs onto a surface

Do you have tons of Lomographs and a boring home? Are you looking for alternative ways to print? Helen Stead shares her tips on how to print onto ceramic, wood, teacups, your wall.

Framing polaroids
Framing polaroids

Palma Allen shows us how to Slit-Mount Polaroid Time Zero Mono Prints in a professional manner.

Amit x 4 / hand painted photograph on canvas using acrylic paints.
Handcoloring and painting photographs

Hand-coloring your photos not only allows you intimate contact with the photo but also a great deal of creative freedom. Nitsa Malik shows us how.

hand made album
How to make an elegant photo album

Elizabeth Graves instructs us how to make a handmade album - a great place to store all your alt. proc. prints.

Framing photograph
How to mount and mat a print for framing

Elizabeth Graves instructs us on how to cut a mat for your prints.

cyanotype quilt
Making a cyanotype quilt – from the garden

Jackie, a very experienced quilt maker, shows how she incorporates cyanotypes, or blueprints on fabric, made from plants, into your quilts.

Carol Barton
Making a pop-up cyanotype

A truly fun card making project in cyanotype - an excerpt from Carol Barton's book The Pocket Paper Engineer.

Lomography on surface
Mulberry paper and lomographs

Helen Stead shows us a genius - and surprisingly simple - way to make your Lomographic prints even more beautiful!

lomography-preserving-1
Preserving your film photographs

If you want your grandchildren to see your film photos, there are several factors that you must take into consideration to preserve the original state of your pictures. Here are some tips that could help you preserve your film photographs.

Logevity of platina and palladium prints
The longevity of platinum and palladium prints, a synopsis

Marco Boeringa, though not himself a platinum & palladium printer yet, researches the longevity of the print.

Albumen prints

Replacing the salt print process by the 1840’s, albumen prints combine beaten egg whites with salt and potassium iodide for a higher definition photograph.

Albumen process
Albumen printing

Creating and processing albumen paper.

Anthotypes

A fun and easy way to make images using the juice from fruits, plants, flowers, and vegetables as both sensitizer and pigment! Practiced by Sir William Herschel beginning in the 1840’s, this method is very suited to photograms. Although anthotype prints are novel and unique, permanence of the image depends upon your choice of organic extract.

mf_maskros
Anthotype? A what?

An excerpt from Anthotypes – Explore the darkroom in your garden and make photographs using plants, and explains the difference between stencelling on plants and printing with plants.

Rose petals used to make anthotype prints
Anthotypes – step by step instructions to making a print using plants

It is possible to print photographs using nothing but juice extracted from the petals of flowers, the peel from fruits and pigments from plants. We'll show you how.

American wisteria (wisteria frutescens)
Anthotypes: How different paper effects the emulsion color

Heather Siple experiments with anthotypes to find out how different types of paper base affects the color of the plant emulsion.

Anthotypes from lilacs
Finding plants and pigments for making anthotypes

An excerpt from Anthotypes – Explore the darkroom in your garden and make photographs using plants. Plants suitable for making anthotypes and where to get them.

Organic photography floribunda
Organic photography

Clive Heritage-Tilley describes some unusual photographic applications using chemistry pioneered by Sir John Herschel.

anthotype process
The anthotype process

Flowers, Water & Sun: An Early Photographic Process Revisited.

J.F.W. Herschel taken by Julia Margaret Cameron
The chemistry of anthotypes

An excerpt from Anthotypes – Explore the darkroom in your garden and make photographs using plants. Sir John Herschels description of how light changes pigment to make an anthotype.

plants
Working with anthotypes

Steven Pitsenbarger tells us how he achieved amazing colours using nothing but plants.

Art of alt. proc.

The artist and the art of the image.

Large format pinhole photographs
Diana Bloomfield’s portfolio

Diana Bloomfield talks about her large format and pinhole images.

Book reviews

Book reviews - and of course only books on alternative photographic processes.

Alternative photography process book
Alternative Photography: Art and Artists, Edition I

Anthony Mournian from the Photographers' Formulary reviews the big book of inspiration.

Anthotype book
Anthotypes

Author and artist, Malin Fabbri, along with a team of dedicated contributors have compiled a new book filled with ideas and imagery originating from a location one would least expect - your garden!

Cyanotype book
Book review: Blueprint to cyanotypes

Anthony Mournian from the Photographers' Formulary reviews the new beginners guide to cyanotypes.

witho-worms-550
Cette Montagne, C’est Moi / This Mountain That’s Me (2006-2011)

Witho Worms and how he made the book Cette Montagne, C’est Moi / This Mountain That’s Me (2006-2011) on his Carbon prints.

Pinhole books
From pinhole to print – by The Royal Photographic Society Journal

Ray Spence from The Royal Photographic Society Journal reviews From pinhole to print.

Pinhole books
From pinhole to print – Inspiration, instructions and insights in less than an hour

Anthony Mournian from the Photographers' Formulary reviews the pinhole guide, and makes a few pinholes himself.

Photo imaging
Interview with Jill Enfield

After Jill's book on alternative processes appeared, Robert A. Schaefer Jr. took a look at Jill Enfield's work.

Robert Hirsch
Photographic Possibilities

Malin Fabbri read Robert Hirsch's third edition of Photographic Possibilities - and will be going straight into the darkroom after writing a review.

photography and the invisible
Photography and the invisible 1840 – 1900

Elizabeth Graves reviews a book of inspiring alternative process images with a surprising emphasis.

Blue mitchell
Review of Diffusion magazine, volume 1

Elizabeth Graves picks up the first copy of Diffusion magazine and just loves it.

John Evans
Review of Exploring simple lenses

John Marriage takes a closer look at John Evans' cd-book.

Sam Wang book
Sam Wang, Four Decades of Photographic Explorations

Christina Z. Andersson reviews Sam Wangs book.

Seizing the light
Seizing the Light: A History of Photography

Bookreview for Robert Hirsch's book Seizing the light by Dean Brierly

ca_experimental_photo-s
The Experimental Photography Workbook – review

Malin takes a look at Christina Z. Anderson's latest edition of The Experimental Photography Workbook - and finds it gets better and better with each edition.

Brian Krummel
The Pinhole Camera

Malin Fabbri takes a look at Brian J. Krummel's new pinhole book The Pinhole Camera - A Practical How-To Book for Making Pinhole Cameras and Images.

Carol Barton
The Pocket Engineer, Volume 1 – How to Make Pop-Ups Step-by-Step

A mini review of The Pocket Engineer by Carol Barton which shows you how to make pop ups.

Edward Levison
Timescapes Japan, A Pinhole Journey

A wonderful journey of both photography and a country by Edward Levinson. If you're looking for a present, get a personally signed copy!

Tim Rudman
World of Lith Printing – review

Anthony Mournian from the Photographers' Formulary takes a look at Tim Rudman's book.

Bromoils & oil

Bromoils, oilprints, resinotypes and oleobroms: Early twentieth century processes which begins with a silver bromide print and ends with an oily or inked print of alluring elegance.

Oil pigment printing
Bromoil and oil pigment printing

A description of the bromoil and oil pigment print process.

henk thijs
Bromoil on aluminium sheets

Henk Thijs is getting into advanced Bromoiling and tells us how he bromoils on aluminium sheets.

Bromoil printing
Making a bromoil print

A description of the bromoil process.

Kirk Toft
Oleobrom process

Working and adapting methods in the oleobrom process by Kirk V. Toft.

Floating past by George L. Smyth.
Papers for the bromoil process

George L. Smyth gives us a rundown on which Bromoil papers to use.

Oil print photography
The oilprint process (Schildt)

Anders Schildt gives us his take on the oilprint process.

Oil print photography
The oilprint process (Thijs)

Henk Thijs gives us the basics on the oilprint process.

resinotype printing
The resinotype process

Alberto Novo takes us through the resinotype process from beginning to end.

Calotypes

Patented in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot, the calotype (Talbotype) became the basis for all subsequent negative/positive processes. Thanks to the research of Sir John Herschel, the calotype was the first process to utilize sodium thiosulfate as a permanent fixer for the image. Silver nitrate, potassium iodide, and gallic acid are among additional ingredients you will need. Strictly speaking, calotypes refer to the negatives the process yields. However, the name is sometimes attributed to the positive print made from the negative, historically the salted-paper print.

Calotypes by Christopher Wright
Ancient ways, modern views

Calotypy for the 21st Century; Pt1: Dr Hugh Diamond's Single Solution Process: Christopher Wright gives us a history of Calotypes and explains the process.

Cameras, film & technique

Working with cameras, buying cameras or building your own camera. Which film to choose and technical details about film. Tips when photographing.

a black and white, aluminum and acrylic large format camera prototype
Acrylic and Aluminum Homemade Large Format Camera: Preview

Elizabeth Graves provides a preview of her recent large format camera-building experiments.

Building a large format camera
Against all good advice: how to build a large format camera for wet collodion work at home

The unlikely story of how Elizabeth Graves built a large format camera, modified film holders by her own design to hold wet plates, mixed collodion chemistry without blowing up her home, used her garage door as a shutter, and (after several adjustments) got her homemade plates into a group gallery show in New York City.

vintage camera
Bare bones vintage

Article about Vintage cameras - Bare Bone Vintage by Paul Lewis

Used cameras
Buying used equipment

The New York Institute of Photography gives us tips on buying used cameras and other equipment.

lomography-composition5
Composition: The Theory and Psychology of Framing Your Image

Today, we’re taking a look at the theory and psychology behind the size, framing, and visual weight of different elements in your photographic composition. You’d be surprised how much there is to learn about this choice, and the impact your decision can have!

special effects lens
Cyclops – making a camera for effects

Jonathan Brewer sought a special effect in his images. Rather than altering the image he invented a new camera. Here is how.

Jonathan Brewer
Cyclops Part II

Part II in how to make lenses do what you want, by Jonathan Brewer.

EV chart exposure
Determining exposures for the pinhole camera

Brian Young shows us how to measure our exposure times for our pinhole cameras a little more precisely than “bright sun" or "hazy sun”.

Image of a large format film holder modified to hold metal plates
How to modify a film holder for wet plate collodion: design #2: magical magnetic tape

Elizabeth Graves develops another impermanent, non-damaging way to hold thin metal plates in a conventional large format film holder.

Lomography-Kodak-Aerochrome-1
Making the most of Kodak aerochrome

Kodak Aerochrome was designed for use in aerial photography, with forestry, cartography, industrial and military applications.

Medium format holga
Medium format Holga

Medium format cameras for around 20 dollars: Capturing Mermaids with a Holga

Medium format Marie
Medium format Marie

Medium format cameras for around 3000 dollars: The Pentax 645NII Visits the Jersey Shore

Monocle lens part 1
Monocles lens: Designing a single element lens

Carlo Ponzoni designs a lens. In the first part of the article he works on dimensions and aperture.

Monocles lens testing and designing
Monocles lens: Making and testing

Carlo Ponzoni designs a lens. In the second part of the article he works on assembly and finishing. He also compares the result to other lenses.

“Long Climb Up” : photo taken with my original 1” brass peephole on a 90mm lens for a medium-format camera at f/8.
Peeping through: The magic of peephole lenses

Heather Siple tells us how and why we should try out peephole photography.

Walter Crump
Pinhole photography – making a camera

An extract from Laura Blacklow's book New Dimensions in Photo Processes written by Jesseca Ferguson and Walter Crump.

lomography-x-ray-1
Shooting With X-Rays

An X-ray is like a picture, except the fact that it uses the infamous x-rays instead of visible light. Another difference is that in photography we usually capture the light that is reflected by objects, while in x-ray capture the rays pass through the objects, more precisely our body. But if it were an analogue camera?

Holga camera
Simple Cameras Connect – With the Essence of Photography

Robert Hirsch explains the reason for using a plastic toy Holga camera.

jim read
The digital camera, the cyanotype and grain

Jim Read calibrates his digital camera to make cyanotype printing even better.

infrared film
The infrared process

A guide for using infrared film by Elizabeth Holmes.

Brian J Krummel
The Pinhole Camera: 35 mm Matchbox

An extract from Brian J. Krummel's new pinhole book The Pinhole Camera - A Practical How-To Book for Making Pinhole Cameras and Images.

Polaroid EE100 camera
Wet plate collodion with a Polaroid camera

Got an old Polaroid camera sitting around somewhere? Since the camera film making business is on decline (Polaroid is no more, Fuji film is still around) the camera needs to find other uses. For example; take the film holder and convert it to an excellent wet plate holder. Jalo Porkkala shows you how.

Carbon and carbro

Patented in 1846 by Joseph Swan, carbon prints typically utilize a pigmented tissue, potassium dichromate , and gelatin to create images of amazing beauty and longevity. Carbro printing follows much of the same procedure as carbon printing while utilizing a bromide paper.

carbon and carbro
Carbon print process

How To Make A Carbon Print in One Easy Lesson!

carbon transfer
The carbon transfer process

Sandy King, the author of the book of Carbon and Carbro tells us how to make carbon transfers.

Chemigrams

Chemilumen: Chemigram and lumen print with ferric ammonium citrate.
Chemilumens – combining chemigrams and lumen prints

Fabio Giorgi gives us a brief overview on how to combine two processes: Chemigrams and Lumen prints, or possibly three, since he is using cyanotype chemistry for the chemigram.

Chemigram by Cynthia Huber
The chemigram

Christina Z. Anderson tells us how to make chemigrams and shows plenty of examples from her students innovative work.

Chlorophyll process

Example with a negative.  Tiffany Pereira – Boy at the River.  Chlorophyll Print in progress, 2010
The chlorophyll process

The chlorophyll process is an organic alternative photography process akin to the anthotype process. However, instead of printing on the crushed extract of fruit or plant matter, the prints are bleached by sunlight directly onto the surface of leaves using a positive. Tiffany Pereira shares her experience with this process.

Chrysotypes

Based upon Sir John Herschel’s gold printing process, Dr. Mike Ware will carefully guide you through a process of making prints which display hues from delicate reds and pinks to blues and blacks.

Texas Chrysotype
Texas chrysotype formula

Richard Puckett's process for printing continuous tone gold prints is simple and affordable. It is a true dry print out process: you can examine the print during exposure to determine when you image is just right.

Mike Ware
The new chrysotype process

Mike Ware describes the version 'S' of his chrysotype process.

Cyanotypes

The cyanotype, also known as a blueprint, is considered among the easiest of all the historical methods. Dating from 1842, this classic Prussian blue process is a great place for both beginners and accomplished artists alike to explore. Cyanotypes are economical, permanent, have few pitfalls, and are versatile in that a variety of toning effects are possible.

lomography-cyanotype-3
Beat the blues: Making cyanotypes

Cyanotypes are fun and easy and are the perfect way to begin your exploration of alternative and historical photographic processes.

Jill Enfield’s Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes: Popular Historical and Contemporary Techniques
Ceramics and photography – a beginning

Many alternative photographic processes can be used to print on ceramics and clay. In this excerpt from "Jill Enfield's Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes", Jill shows us how to print Pyrofoto, Laser Transfers, Gum bichromates, Cyanotypes, Silkscreen PhotoEZ and Phototransfer onto different surfaces.

Amber Reumann Engfer cyanotype silver gelatin
Combining gelatin silver and cyanotype

After experimenting Amber Reumann Engfer has found a way to create a cyanotype on a fiber based gelatin silver paper (black and white paper).

classic cyanotype process
Cyanotype – the classic process

Cyanotype process - a modified extract from the book Blueprint to cyanotypes describing the classic or traditional cyanotype process.

Cyanotypes
Cyanotype chemicals in a rusty old jar

The myth: Don’t use a brush with a metal ferrule! True or not? Malin Fabbri finds out.

History cyanotypes
Cyanotype history – John Herschel’s invention

A brief history of the cyanotype process invented by Sir John Herschel

cyanotype-acrylics-7
Cyanotypes painted with acrylics

Egill Ibsen shows us how cyanotypes can be painted with acrylics to get a spectacular result.

Cyanotype papers with good result
Debunking the myths of cyanotypes

Jim Read straightens out a few myths on the cyanotype process.

Angelo Taibi
How to produce low-contrast cyanotype prints

Angelo Taibi digs out a cyanotype formula to make the prints less contrasty.

in camera cyanotype print
In-camera cyanotype negative prints

Balazs Sprenc has managed to make cyanotypes - negative prints - by placing the paper directly into the camera.

pinhole cyanotype
Making a cyanotype pinhole in-camera?

The myth: A pinhole camera cannot be used to make cyanotypes! Malin Fabbri confirms the myth.

cyanotype quilt
Making a cyanotype quilt – from the garden

Jackie, a very experienced quilt maker, shows how she incorporates cyanotypes, or blueprints on fabric, made from plants, into your quilts.

JE_Piper_cyanotype-negative-5
Making cyanotypes in-camera

JE Piper has learnt how to make cyanotype negatives in-camera. Here is how.

Multi colored cyanotypes
Multi colored cyanotypes

Cyanotypes are usually blue. Or toned into a sepia color. Filipe Alves shows us how to get both blue and sepia into the same cyanotype.

Papers to use for the cyanotype print process
Papers to use for cyanotypes

Jim Read argues the case for using the cheaper papers for printing cyanotypes.

Ruth Brown
Photograms

An extract from Ruth Brown's book Cyanotypes on Fabric, A blueprint on how to produce... Blueprints!

printing preparations
Preparations for iron-based printing

The equipment, materials and handling procedures you will need for the three iron-based processes - new cyanotype, argyrotype and platino-palladiotype.

“The Open Door, Forbidden City, Beijing” by Brian Young. Toned cyanotype.
Salt prints and cyanotypes: a short history of printing processes

Brian Young tells the fascinating story of salt prints and cyanotypes - photographic printing processes from the 19th Century.

cyanotype paper
Tests in blue – papers for cyanotypes

Jalo Porkkala has tested papers for cyanotype printing and shares the result.

Survey
The Big Cyanotype Exposure Survey – Results

Experienced cyantoype printers share their knowledge in this survey.

Survey
The Big Cyanotype Exposure Survey – take part

The cyanotype is a great way to get started with alternative process, to help beginners figuring out the right exposure time - since they're different dependent on your climate or where you are based - we are now doing a Cyanotype survey.

jim read
The digital camera, the cyanotype and grain

Jim Read calibrates his digital camera to make cyanotype printing even better.

classic cyanotype process
The New Cyanotype – Cyanotype II process

The cyanotype process, also known as the blue print process was invented by Sir John Herschel in 1842 and is still performed today by many darkroom enthusiasts.

vandyke cyanotype
Vandyke over cyanotype: a combination process with special effects

Elizabeth Graves examines the effects of ageing on the "blue vandyke" process.

cyanotype contrast control
Vinegar-developed cyanotypes: non-toxic midtone contrast control

Elizabeth Graves examines acetic acid development upon classic formula cyanotypes and disprove the myths about developing in vinegar.

Cyanotypes on fabric
Washing cyanotypes on fabrics or cloth

Malin Fabbri shows how to care for and wash your cyanotypes printed on fabric.

Daguerrotypes

Considered among the original of alternative processes, daguerreotypes possess a look, feel, and beauty unlike any other historical method. Not for the faint of heart or the ill-equipped, those desiring to explore the rewards of this endeavor must exercise a high level of responsibility and caution.

Daguerre photography
A Brief Guide to Becquerel Daguerreotype

A description of the daguerreotype process by Jason Greenberg Motamedi.

Darkroom photography

How the work in the darkroom is carried out, coating papers, working with UV light.

Here is the underside of the printer showing two hinges and birch construction. Note the four square dowels which have been laminated to the bottom with epoxy which raises the platform from the table. This particular printer measures 16 x 20 inches.
A simple, economical contact printer

Peter J. Blackburn presents a simple printing device capable of producing sharp prints with ease.

Uv light box
Building a UV printer

Carlo Ponzoni finds the sun quite unreliable and builds his own UV printer.

lomography-develop-coffe-2
C-41 film process with coffee

It is possible to develop film with coffee, here is a good tip!

brushcoating, rod coating, dip coating
Coating paper by floating, rod or brush

The three most common ways of coating emulsion onto paper are floating the paper, using a coating rod, or brushing it on. An extract from the book Alternative Photography Processes.

brush coating
Coating your paper using brushes

This is a how to, what with, what on and how much to use article and though it's aimed at Cyanotype printers it can be used, with patience with other processes needing coating.

contact frame
Darkroom DIY: Making a contact print frame

Jim Read scours the second hand shops finds a contact frame. He decides to build his own - and shows you how you can do it too.

Image of a large format film holder modified to hold metal plates
How to modify a film holder for wet plate collodion: design #2: magical magnetic tape

Elizabeth Graves develops another impermanent, non-damaging way to hold thin metal plates in a conventional large format film holder.

pix_art001
Less is More

Ed Buffaloe explains how to make an enlarged negative for contact printing by reversal.

Essays on alt. proc.

Essays of a more philosophical nature, circling around alternative photographic processes.

Malin Fabbri
Cyanotypes – A New Look at an Old Technique (thesis)

A thesis comparing the perception of cyanotypes to the perception of stock photography.

Taylor Whitney
The platinum print: a catalyst for discussion

This article is Taylor Whitney's take on the Platinum print. A very in-depth and well researched piece of writing.

pix_plate_photography
The world of plate photography

Rediscovering and revisualizing the arqaic plate processes, an excerpt from "Diffusion magazine, volume II" written by Phil Nesmith.

Features and functions

New features, functions and how to do stuff on the website.

QR code or Kimtag
QR code

For those of you who use QR code to connect to us, here is ours.

Thank you for another wonderful year!

Thank you all artists and contributor for contributing to the website this year!

Today we are 12 years old!

Happy birthday to us. All of us. Today, AlternativePhotography.com is 12 years old!

Forgotten processes

Processes we can't find any instructions for or anyone practicing, but please prove us wrong!

20th century techniques
‘Forgotten’ processes

These are some of the 'forgotten' processes. By that we mean that no one is working and producing new images in this process - at least we haven't found anyone. But we would be very happy to be proven wrong!

Formulas and how-to

Step-by-step instructions, technical and chemcial information on how to carry out the processes.

Health and safety procedures

Health and safety procedures: The most important information you can have about these processes is in this area, it could stop you becoming sensitized to the chemicals, getting sick or even save your life.

Fuji lifts and transfers

Fuji image lifts and transfers uses similar techniques to Polaroid lifts and transfers, but with Fuji film instead of Polaroid.

Fuji instant film
Fuji emulsion lift

How to make emulsion lifts using Fuji instant film by Steven Berkowitz.

Fuji instant film
Fuji image transfer

How to make image transfers using Fuji instant film by Steven Berkowitz.

Gelatin silver prints

Gelatin silver prints, or gelatin dry-plate, appeared on the scene in the 1880’s, replacing the wet-plate process and revolutionizing the photographic industry. It has remained the standard for silver halide photography. Here we explore hand coated paper and look for ways to incorporate other alternative process with silver gelatin printing.

Amber Reumann Engfer cyanotype silver gelatin
Combining gelatin silver and cyanotype

After experimenting Amber Reumann Engfer has found a way to create a cyanotype on a fiber based gelatin silver paper (black and white paper).

Claudia Wornum Film acceleration
Film acceleration

A multi-step processes designed to push color film to create Pointillist effects with intense grain as well as many unpredictable and extraordinary outcomes.

Chalon
Silver plating

Jalo Porkkala takes us through the silver plating process and the difference in toners and formulas.

Denise Ross
Silvergum – gum over silver gelatin

Denise Ross explains how to print gum bichromates over handcrafted silver gelatin paper.

S.F. Botanical garden buckeye solarized litho version 2
Solarization and layered negatives

Duplicate, solarize and merge two negatives in a single final print to create abstract and painterly effects with film.

silver gelatin
The silver gelatin dry plate process

In a nutshell: Not a printing process, like all the other liquid emulsion techniques, but an in-the-camera technique that complements the wet plate process.

Toning black and white prints
Toning black & white photographs with organic materials

Terri Sprinkle gives plenty of tips how to tone and hand color black & white photographs, the classic way and the organic way.

General alternative processes

Introductions and articles of a more general nature, relating to alternative photographic processes.

treatsie-iron-salts-08-tubes
A short treatise on Iron Salts

Jean-Claude Mougin shares his ambitious treatise on iron salts and also shows how to make ferric oxolate.

Dunsan Stulik
Alternative process photography and science meet at the Getty

Dusan and his colleagues at the Getty institute are taking a very much closer look at alternative photographic processes - a molecular-level-look, that may even change history.

Survey
The Big Paper Survey – take part

Artists and photographers share their experience with photographic papers

Gum bichromates

Gum bichromate and casein pigment printing utilizing water-based colors are but two among several forms of dichromate techniques resulting in expressive monochrome and full-color imagery.

Gum bichromates introduction
An introduction to the gum bichromate process

Peter J. Blackburn gives us an introduction to the Gum bichromate process including a step-by-step to give anyone a good start.

Ferric gum print by Peter Friedrichsen
An update on the Ferric gum process

Michael Andrews describes two approaches to the ferric gum process: Frank Gorga’s and Peter Friedrichsen.

Laura Blacklow
Casein pigment prints

An extract from Laura Blacklow's book New Dimensions in Photo Processes.

Jill Enfield’s Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes: Popular Historical and Contemporary Techniques
Ceramics and photography – a beginning

Many alternative photographic processes can be used to print on ceramics and clay. In this excerpt from "Jill Enfield's Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes", Jill shows us how to print Pyrofoto, Laser Transfers, Gum bichromates, Cyanotypes, Silkscreen PhotoEZ and Phototransfer onto different surfaces.

gimp-cmyk-separation-7
CMYK Colour Separation using the Gimp

Selby Markham writes a step-by-step to CMYK colour separation for gum bichromate printing - but not with Photoshop - he used the freeware Gimp.

The ferric gum process
Ferric gum process – a radically different variation on gum

The ferric gum process is like gum bichromate in some respects but it is also radically different. Sensitiser is brushed onto the paper, the paper is dried and exposed under a suitable image, and only at this point would pigmented gum be brushed onto the exposed paper.

Peter Blackburn
Gum and negatives with a twist of Français

Peter J. Blackburn shows how variables in gum printing can alter the desired outcome of your negatives.

Peter J Blackburn
Gum bichromate working methods

Peter J. Black burn is showing how he works with the gum process: Getting Up Front and Personal with Gum Printing.

Seth Troutner
Gum printing basics – how to make a gum print (Troutner)

Seth Troutner got so into making gum, he even made his own gum kit - to help beginners getting started. Here he shows how he makes his prints.

Denise Ross
Silvergum – gum over silver gelatin

Denise Ross explains how to print gum bichromates over handcrafted silver gelatin paper.

Christina Z. Anderson
The 19th century gum bichromate process in 21st century concept and techniques

Christina Z. Anderson gives us the "why and how" of the gum process, including making negatives.

The mechanisms of ferric gum print
The extraordinary mechanism underlying the ferric gum process

Michael Andrews explains some of the technical details of the ferric gum process.

History of alt. proc.

The history of photography, but angled more at the history of alternative photographic processes.

ironic history mike ware
An Ironic History of the Alternative Processes

An ironic history of alternative photographic processes written by Dr Mike Ware

History cyanotypes
Cyanotype history – John Herschel’s invention

A brief history of the cyanotype process invented by Sir John Herschel

alt proc history
History of Alternative processes

Article about the History of Alternative photographic processes - by Anita Chernewski, Spike MacGee and others.

slogans history
History of Photographic Words and Slogans

A list of photographic words and their origin. The article is a work in progress and any historians out there with their finger on the facts should feel free to add to this list.

The art of bromoil and transfer
History of the bromoil process

The history of the bromoil process, invented in 1907 be Englishman C. Welbourne Piper on a suggestion from E.J. Wall. Written by David Lewis

history collodion
History of the colloidon process

A history Wetplate collodion process and the different products produced: Ambrotypes, Ferrotypes and the Negative process.

History pinhole
Pinhole history

A brief pinhole history by pinhole expert and enthusiast Anita Chernewski

platinum palladium history
Platinum Palladium Printing – Roots that bare many Branches?

Eric Neilsen gives us a brief history of Platinum Palladium Printing and explains how it has branched out.

“The Open Door, Forbidden City, Beijing” by Brian Young. Toned cyanotype.
Salt prints and cyanotypes: a short history of printing processes

Brian Young tells the fascinating story of salt prints and cyanotypes - photographic printing processes from the 19th Century.

Seizing the light
Seizing the Light: A History of Photography

Bookreview for Robert Hirsch's book Seizing the light by Dean Brierly

split toning
Split-Toning: Background and Historical Antecedents

Jonathan Bailey defines split-toning and tells it's history.

Infrareds

Working with reflected light in the long, infrared wave range can produce images of unexpected results with surreal visual effects. Infrared photographs have a spectacular glow and luminance, where highlights are usually diffused and contrast can be pronounced.

infrared film
The infrared process

A guide for using infrared film by Elizabeth Holmes.

Kallitypes & vandykes

Although both silver and iron are required for Kallitypes and Van Dykes, the former is a bit more expensive and labor intensive of the two siblings. Depending on paper and toning, images can run the range of black, sepia, and beautiful rich browns. Extra care must be taken to ensure permanence of the print.

argyrotype photographs
Argyrotype process

Argyrotype is a user-friendly iron-based silver printing process that produces brown images on plain paper. It is derived from the Argentotype, Kallitype, and Vandyke processes of the 19th Century, but has greater simplicity, improved image stability, and longer sensitizer shelf-life.

lomography-vandyke-brown-2
Beyond the blues: Vandyke brown printing

Van Dyke Brown Printing, is nearly identical in simplicity, low cost technique but yields a rich brown color as opposed to the blue of cyanotypes.

kallitype vandyke vdbrown argyrotype
Formula overview for Vandyke, Kallitype and Argyrotype

As they are similar in their make-up, many confuse Kallitypes with Vandykes (also called Vandyke Browns) and even Argyrotypes. Wynn White clarifies things for us in this overview. Recipes for the fixer is also included.

Starter kit
Instruction sheet for the Kallitype printing kit

Photographers' Forumlary has developed a kit to introduce you to Kallitypes without having to take a degree in chemistry. Read instruction sheet

Vandyke kallitype
Kallitypes v.s. Vandykes

Wynn White irons out the difference between Kallitypes and Vandykes.

Starter kit
The Kallitype Printing Kit – A great start

Elizabeth Graves tries out the Kallitype printing kit from the Photographer's Formulary and gives us a couple of good tips.

Sandy king
The Kallitype Process

Kallitype process: A silver-iron method for making permanent prints in gold, palladium and platinum metals by Sandy King.

Vandyke printing
Vandyke notes

Wynn White's description of the Vandyke process with variations.

vandyke cyanotype
Vandyke over cyanotype: a combination process with special effects

Elizabeth Graves examines the effects of ageing on the "blue vandyke" process.

Liquid emulsion

With a liquid silver emulsion applications can be made to a variety of surfaces such as tile, glass, pottery, wood, canvas, stainless steel and coated metals. Brushing, dipping, and spraying are among the techniques employed for applying the emulsion to three-dimensional surfaces.

Tina Maas
Liquid light emulsion on wax

Tina Maas shows us how she makes photographs on floating pieces of wax.

liquid emulsion process
The liquid emulsion process

Liquid emulsion, the process where you can apply the process to a surface of your own choice. Explained by Lloyd Godman

tin types
The modern tintype process

The modern tintype is also known as ferrotypes outlined by Tina Maas.

Lith prints

Using a lith developer, this delightful technique generally overexposes a silver print which is then developed in the diluted developer. Lith photographs display a wonderful luminance. Success with lith printing can depend upon your choice of paper, the handling of the negative, and several other key factors.

Tim Rudman
Lith printing in the digital age

An extract from Tim Rudman's book World of Lith Printing discussing the values of using digital equipment in lith printing.

lith materials
Lithprint materials update

This article should be read in conjunction with the introduction to the Lith Printing process. It is based on 2 parts of a 5 part Lith printing series that I wrote earlier this year (2004) for 'Black & White Photography'.

Tim Rudman
The lithprint process

Lith printing is popular again, and Tim Rudman gives us the basics of the process.

Lumen prints

Using a UV source, such as the sun, make delicate contact photographs and photograms using old or fogged silver gelatin paper. No development required! Just fix, tone, and enjoy!

Chemilumen: Chemigram and lumen print with ferric ammonium citrate.
Chemilumens – combining chemigrams and lumen prints

Fabio Giorgi gives us a brief overview on how to combine two processes: Chemigrams and Lumen prints, or possibly three, since he is using cyanotype chemistry for the chemigram.

Lumen print in fixer bath.
How to make a starry lumen print – a step-by-step process with printing tips

Natasha Sanchez works with Lumen prints and shows us how to make a dreamlike lumen print creation.

Lumen print negatives
Lumen negatives

Fabio Giorgi has found a way of making negatives as lumen prints.

Sarah Lycksten
Lumen printing (Lycksten)

Sarah Lycksten shows us how to have fun with photography - exploring and experimenting with new techniques!

lumen photographic process
Lumen prints

Marek Matusz gives us a brief overview of an old camera-less process.

Miscellaneous processes

This section is reserved for brand new processes, undocumented practices, unique techniques, and other creative alternative approaches not addressed elsewhere.

Electrotype print Richard Puckett
Electrumtype Kary prints

A description of Richard Eugene Puckett's Electrumtype Kary photographic print process.

Graphite silver nitrate print
Graphite and silver nitrate

Clive Heritage-Tilley describes some interesting printmaking techniques using mixed media with historic photographic chemistry.

Auers nature prints
Nature printing

Nicolai Klimaszewski explains Auer’s nature print process with variations. The process can render a detailed continuous tone print of an object without using a camera.

Mordancage process

Also known as etch-bleach process, this rare and slightly esoteric process physically manipulates the silver gelatin print through acid bleaching, rubbing, and lifts. Images appear dreamlike, far removed from reality.

mordancage photography
The Mordançage background and process

Mordançage is quite a rare process, and not for beginners, but Jonathan Bailey is straightening it out the questions marks for the rest of us.

Mordançage chez Jean-Pierre Sudre 1991 Lacoste, France © Elizabeth Opalenik 2013
Working in the Mordançage process

Elizabeth Opalenik learnt the Mordançage process from Jean-Pierre Sudre. She has since then changed it into her own variation. She shares her version of this beautiful process here.

Negatives

Making digital and analogue negatives, working with negatives, and curves.

8 bit step wedge
8 bit step wedge

Download the 8 bit step wedge free here to go with the digital negative system in Christina Z. Anderson's book "Gum Printing and Other AMAZING Contact Printing Processes".

Registering a negative for the gum bicromate process step 4
A simple negative registration method 

A simple, but effective OHP negative registration technique for gum printing. The method can be used for multiple pass single negative prints as well as CMYK negative prints.

curves negatives
Curve corner – Photoshop and Gimp curves for making digital negatives

A curve could be described as the representation of all the tones in an image, from highlights to shadows. Photoshop curves are a great tool for creating a balanced digital negative. They help you control the tonal values and contrast of an image or a negative. Now you can download ready-made curves here - or upload yours to share with others.

Figure A. Positive tablet 8 bit gamma 2.2.
Digital negatives

A three step method for making digital negatives by Ron Reeder and Christina Z. Anderson, an excerpt from Gum Printing and Other Amazing Contact Printing Processes.

negatives clay harmon
Digital Negatives: The Color Ratio Method

There are several different ways of making a digital negative, but all seem to involve a Photoshop curve at some point. In this article geologist Clay Harmon applies his skills to photography and has developed his own curve for a Pyro-like digital negative - to be used with an Epson 2200, but, it can also be tweaked for other printers. All free to download here.

Christina Z Anderson
Distressing Negatives

Excerpt from The Experimental Photography Workbook, 4th Edition. Christina Z. Anderson describes four ways to creatively destroy your negatives, giving them a little extra bite.

slogans history
Glossary and explanations for Digital Negatives

Starting out with making digital negatives you may come across some terms you've never seen before, like "gamut", "ppi" and "random dots". This glossary may make a little more sense of it all.

Peter Blackburn
Gum and negatives with a twist of Français

Peter J. Blackburn shows how variables in gum printing can alter the desired outcome of your negatives.

photographic negative
How to make a paper negative from a photograph

You have a photographic negative on paper, from, let's say a pinhole camera. You want to use it to make cyanotype or other alt. procs, so it needs to be made more transparent... how do you do this?

Gimp Negatives
How to make digital negatives

An easy way to make interesting negatives with the help of a computer. If you think Photoshop is too expensive - The Gimp is a cheaper program - it's actually free.

pix_art001
Less is More

Ed Buffaloe explains how to make an enlarged negative for contact printing by reversal.

Sarah van Keuren
Light-resists without camera or computer

An extract from Sarah's book A Non-Silver Manual.

Lloyd Godman
Negatives – Techniques for alternative processes

There are many different routes to the final negative. Here, Lloyd Godman gives an overview of the different techniques.

Alex Tymkow
Pyro, digital negatives and alternative processes

Alex Tymków outlines a method of combining pyro, digital negs and alt. proc.

negatives
Wet Contact Printing for Paper Negatives

If you're in the darkroom and have just developed a negative image, from say a pinhole camera. You wonder how to turn it into a positive image. This an easy step-by-step to how.

Grey gamma on digital negatives 6b
When to use gray gamma 1.8 or 2.2 for digital negatives

Regardless of the workflow you use to make digital negatives, consistency is the key to achieving repeatable results. It’s worth questioning whether or not the original step wedge was made in gray gamma 1.8 or gray gamma 2.2.

Paper and artpaper

Paper basics, sizing, choosing and working with papers and art papers.

Ware Siderotype paper
A new linen paper for all siderotype (iron-based) processes

Mike Ware tests out the new Ruscome Mill papers - papers he has also helped develop especially for processes such as cyanotype, argyrotype, palladiotype, platinotype and new chrysotype.

DR Paper
A nice gum paper from an unexpected source!

Writer and photography / Peter J. Blackburn Peter J. Blackburn gives a quick evaluation of an inexpensive art paper found at your local “big box” retailer! Will wonders never cease? A few weeks ago as I made a quick foray into my nearby Walmart, I chanced to wander by the rather quaint art supply section […]

brush coating
Coating your paper using brushes

This is a how to, what with, what on and how much to use article and though it's aimed at Cyanotype printers it can be used, with patience with other processes needing coating.

Butler-Dearden Paper
Interview with John Zokowski

John Zokowski represents a wholesale paper distributor - Butler-Dearden Paper, selling papers to artists and the alternative photographic process market.

Anne Storm van Leeuwen
Making paper by hand

Anne Storm van Leeuwen outlines a very simpliflied process of making paper. An introduction the old craft of papermaking.

paper basics
Paper basics

While a variety of surfaces can be coated various emulsions, paper is the most widely used for most processes and the most preferred.

Jill Enfield
Sizing or subbing papers

An excerpt from Jill Enfield's book Photo-Imaging (unfortunately out of print!) complete with how-to and formulas on how to size papers.

cyanotype paper
Tests in blue – papers for cyanotypes

Jalo Porkkala has tested papers for cyanotype printing and shares the result.

Survey
The Big Paper Survey – take part

Artists and photographers share their experience with photographic papers

Survey
The Big Paper Survey – The results

Artists and photographers share their experience with photographic papers, see the results

Survey
The sizing survey – take part

What is the best source of information if not photographers working actively with alternative photographic processes? By taking a short minute and answering a few questions you can share your own valuable experience.

Survey
The sizing survey – the results

Photographers working actively with alternative photographic processes have shared their experience on which papers they size and which formula they use.

Weston Diploma Parchment at 10% off and a free sample pack

Butler-Dearden Paper, the supplier of Weston Diploma Parchment, a paper that gives great results with the Ziatype process and platinum processes are now offering a 10% discount on the Transvel, a lightweight translucent paper.

Western diploma
Weston diploma parchment paper: Test results

Mike Ware tests palladium, platinum, platinum/palladium, new cyanotype, new chrysotype and argyrotype printing on Weston Diploma Parchment.

Photographers & people

Interviews with photographers, and people behind business working with alternative photographic processes.

The Lamphouse Photo company vintage van
A large-format photography studio and darkroom inside a vintage camper

Katherine Fugit owns and operates a large-format photography studio and darkroom inside a vintage camper. She runs it with her husband Conan and call it Lamphouse Photo Co. Since last June they have been traveling around their hometown of Wichita, KS taking 4x5 black-and-white portraits with our Burke & James Saturn 75 camera and developing them by hand using a paper negative process, on-site in about 10 minutes.

pinhole day
Account from Worldwide Pinhole Photography Day 2008

Maximillian, age 2 years and 4 months is taking part in his first Worldwide Pinhole Photography Day - the youngest participant of the event (???).

lars mellberg
Biskops Arnö Folkhögskola

A visit to a school in Stockholm, Sweden that teaches alternative photography in a leisurely manner.

Lasse Mellberg
Biskops Arnö Folkhögskola, in Swedish

Swedish: Ett besök på en folkhögskola som undervisar elever i alternativ fotografi.

pix_art002
Challenged Visions

Robert A. Schaefer Jr. discovers how John Dugdale and Flo Fox don't let their physical challenges stand in the way of photography.

San Franscisco
Cyanotypes and chocolate: a match made in San Francisco

Elizabeth Graves visits Chocolate Covered, a cyanotype and chocolate shop in San Francisco.

Silvertone
Dennis da Silva – alt. proc. business in South Africa

Inspired by The pencil of nature, Dennis da Silva prints lith, salt, cyanotype and vandyke browns commercially.

Large format pinhole photographs
Diana Bloomfield’s portfolio

Diana Bloomfield talks about her large format and pinhole images.

pix_art004
Fine Art Photography and Robert A. Schaefer, Jr.

The Macintosh and software such as Adobe Photoshop challenge fine art photography today as dramatically as the view camera challenged representational painting a century ago.

Palma Allen
Graveyards and Infrared Photography

Palma Allen talks about taking photographs on graveyards, symbology and infrared photography.

Anthony Mournian
Interview with Anthony Mournian

Anthony Mournian is the newsletter editor for the Photographers' Formulary, he is also a granddad and took his grandson to China.

Carol Barton
Interview with Carol Barton

Interview with a book artist, paper engineer and author of the Pocket Paper Engineer.

Edward Levison
Interview with Edward Levinson

Gregg Kemp from Pinhole Visions interviews Edward Levinson after reading his book Timescapes Japan - A Pinhole Journey.

Photography pakistan
Interview with Farah Mahbub

Farah is lecturing photography at Indus Valley School of Art and Architecture in Karachi, Pakistan. She shows us that when it comes down to it, a photographers passion of their art is the same wherever you work, although in some places it's a bit more difficult to get hold of the right tools.

The list
Interview with Gordon J. Holtslander

Interview with the man behind the "The-alt-photo-process mailing list", also known as just The List.

Photo imaging
Interview with Jill Enfield

After Jill's book on alternative processes appeared, Robert A. Schaefer Jr. took a look at Jill Enfield's work.

Butler-Dearden Paper
Interview with John Zokowski

John Zokowski represents a wholesale paper distributor - Butler-Dearden Paper, selling papers to artists and the alternative photographic process market.

Joy Goldkind
Interview with Joy Goldkind

Joy Goldkind took up photography at the age of 50. Here she talks about her bromoil work of dancers, geishas, and drag queens and how she found the bromoil process.

Elizabeth Graves
Interview with Malin Fabbri

Robert Schaefer interviews Malin Fabbri, recently after the publication of the beginners guide to cyanotypes: Blueprint to Cyanotypes.

Dr Mike J Ware
Interview with Mike Ware

Siderotype Quarterly editor Paul Daskarolis speaks with Mike Ware.

Pinhole day
Interview with Tom Miller

Tom Miller, one of the photgraphers behind the Worldwide Pinhole Photography Day talks about the event and his own pinhole obsession.

Lena Källberg
Lena Källberg – one of Sweden’s most dedicated pinheads

Lena Källberg is in constant search of new pinhole cameras and explores different ways of capturing images.

Cyanotypes on fabric
Linda Stemer’s cyanotype business

An interview with Linda Stemer, and how she came to be the owner of Blueprint on Fabric, a cyanotype business.

Big red bus cyanotype
Malin Fabbri brings cyanotypes to the web

Anthony Mournian of the Photographers' Formulary tells the story of Malin Fabbri: Founder of AlternativePhotography.com.

25 degrees south studios
Photography as art on social network

Celeste McKenzie of 25 Degrees south Studios in South Africa is working to promote the alt. proc. arts in her part of the world.

radio martin helmut reis
Radio interview with Martin Helmut Reis

Radio interview with Martin Helmut Reis, interviewed on Visual Voice Radio

Rita Bernstein Black Bird
Rita Bernstein – Interview by Laura Valenti Jelen

Rita Bernstein talks about her work and how she got into alternative photographic processes. An article from Diffusion magazine – unconventional photography, volume III, 2011.

Italian photographers
Rodolfo Namias Group

A group of Italian photographers and artists working with alternative photographic processes.

pinhole picture book
Romano Bumburumbum picture book – in pinhole

The Roma picture book Romano Bumburumbum is a collaboration by Akademia Pstryk, The Children's Society and a group of 7 to 14 years old talented Roma children living in East London. We talk to Jacob Garber from the Childrens' Society about the project.

large pinhole
The world’s largest pinhole photograph

At three stories high, eleven stories long, Guinness Records says the Great Picture is the largest photograph in the world.

pix_art003
Time, energy and expertise

A retrospective of photographer Rober Farber.

Interview
Tina Maas profile

An interview from Diffusion magazine.

mask
Wet Plate Collodion International Collaborative Collection “The Mask Series”

Images captured from international artists with a common prop theme and printed using the Wet plate collodion technique.

Michael Shindler
Wet plate collodion studio rental in San Francisco

Elizabeth Graves interviews Michael Shindler of RayKo Photo Center after the opening of a new a wet plate collodion darkroom/studio for hire.

yosemite valley
Will Dunniway’s ‘Dirty Hand’ collodion tour of Yosemite Valley

A picture diary of a Web Plate Collodion workshop in May 2009.

Wet plate collodion
Will Dunniway: A man with a mission

Late, but not too late in life, Will Dunniway pursues his passion for the wet plate collodion process.

Pinhole day 2010
Worldwide Pinhole Photography Day 2010 with Ruben Fabbri

The Worldwide Pinhole Photography Day 2010 took place on the 25th of April 2010. All over the world, pinheads grabbed their pinhole camera, and set out to document the day. Ruben Fabbri, aged 2 years and 3 months was probably the youngest participant of the event.

Photogravure

Copper photogravures, solarplates, photo intagio, polymer gravures and heliogravures are all printmaking techniques, where a photograph is set in a plate, the plate inked and the image transferred to a paper.

Making Photogravures With Polymer Plates: A modern technique of historical photo-mechanical printing using steel-backed polymer plates, etched with ... by hand with traditional intaglio processes
Base exposure times when making photogravures with polymer plates

An excerpt from “Making Photogravures With Polymer Plates: A modern technique of historical photo-mechanical printing using steel-backed polymer plates, etched with water and printed by hand with traditional intaglio processes“.

Lars Mellberg
Copper photogravure

Lars Mellberg shows us how he and his students work with the copper photogravure process.

Photo gravure
Heliogravure

Arrigo Mamone shows an alternative working method in heliography, preparing his own pigment paper.

Peter Miller
Intaglio photogravure printmaking

A description of the intaglio photogravure printmaking process by Peter Miller.

intaglio printmaking
Photo intaglio – an overview

What is an intaglio print? Barbara Maloney explains.

David Hoptman
Photo polymer gravure – the why’s

David Hoptman argues for using the process to get "hands on" photography work done, ideally combined with Photoshop.

photogravure-canducci-icon
Photogravure on copper

Andrea Canducci shows us how to make prints using a printing system from the electronics world.

photopolymer
Photopolymer printing on a budget

Jim Read proves yet again that - with a little work and a lot of imagination - photographic materials doesn't have to cost a fortune.

Jurek Kawowski
Photopolymers – a brief description

A Photopolymer plate is a metal plate coated with a light sensitive film and is ordinary made to use in graphic industry. This is a non-toxic process.

Photolithography

A technique developed in the mid 19th century, by which images are photographically transferred to a matrix (either an aluminum plate or, less frequently, a stone), and printed by hand. A classic combination of photography and printmaking employing a variety of skills.

photolithography-roller
Photolithography – a history and its process

Angela Young describes the background of photolithography and shows, step by step how to make a print.

Photoshop & Gimp

Photoshop and Gimp tricks and instructions for making better negatives.

gimp-cmyk-separation-7
CMYK Colour Separation using the Gimp

Selby Markham writes a step-by-step to CMYK colour separation for gum bichromate printing - but not with Photoshop - he used the freeware Gimp.

curves negatives
Curve corner – Photoshop and Gimp curves for making digital negatives

A curve could be described as the representation of all the tones in an image, from highlights to shadows. Photoshop curves are a great tool for creating a balanced digital negative. They help you control the tonal values and contrast of an image or a negative. Now you can download ready-made curves here - or upload yours to share with others.

photoshop
Digital hybrids: A new twist on an old process

Melissa Jolley tells us how she combines digital artwork with historic photographic processes.

Photosynthesis

No photo paper? No worries. Just go and find some leaves! Learn how to contact print onto flat plant or vegetable matter using a positive intermediate. Let your creativity soar!

Rosemary Horn
Photosynthesis: A world where you can grow your own photographic supplies

Rosie Horn lets her images develop slowly on the actual plant.

Physautotype process

physautotype-s
The physautotype process

The physautotype is produced using lavender dissolved in alcohol. When it was invented in 1832 by Niépce and Daguerre the emulsion was then applied to a silver plate and exposed in a camera obscura. It can also be done today.

Pinholes

The expressive world of lens-less photography allows for dreamy and magical photographs. A camera, usually handmade out of a box or can, allows light to pass through a small aperture onto photo paper or film. Images created with a pinhole camera can also be incorporated into other alternative processes.

Camera obscura
Adventures with multi-pinhole cameras

Malin Fabbri builds and tests multi-pinhole cameras. An excerpt from Diffusion magazine, volume II.

Nancy Breslin Blog
Celebrate pinhole photography!

If you have a pinhole camera, or have been itching to use one, this is a great excuse to take part in pinhole day 2012.

EV chart exposure
Determining exposures for the pinhole camera

Brian Young shows us how to measure our exposure times for our pinhole cameras a little more precisely than “bright sun" or "hazy sun”.

Pinhole cameras rely on the fact that light travels in straight lines – a principle called the rectilinear theory of light. This makes the image appear upside down in the camera.
How a pinhole camera works

An excerpt from From pinhole to print – Inspiration, instructions and insights in less than an hour. How a camera without a lens can be used to take pictures.

Zen pinhole photography Eric Smith
How simple can a camera be?

No camera is simpler than the Zen Pinhole Camera according to Clive Heritage-Tilley.

photographic negative
How to make a paper negative from a photograph

You have a photographic negative on paper, from, let's say a pinhole camera. You want to use it to make cyanotype or other alt. procs, so it needs to be made more transparent... how do you do this?

pinhole cyanotype
Making a cyanotype pinhole in-camera?

The myth: A pinhole camera cannot be used to make cyanotypes! Malin Fabbri confirms the myth.

Young-Lord-Rayleigh-s
Pinhole Design – what Lord Rayleigh really said

Thoughts from two men on pinhole design. Brian Young investigates the relationship between focal length and the diameter of the pinhole and what Lord Rayleigh thought of this.

History pinhole
Pinhole history

A brief pinhole history by pinhole expert and enthusiast Anita Chernewski

Walter Crump
Pinhole photography – making a camera

An extract from Laura Blacklow's book New Dimensions in Photo Processes written by Jesseca Ferguson and Walter Crump.

Same focal plane
Pinhole to print – the qualities of a pinhole camera

Malin Fabbri argues that the limitations of a simple pinhole camera will release creativity and also hightlights some special qualitites a pinhole camera can add to your images.

Motobiker, 2011. Matchbox pinhole camera, Fomapan 400. Lith print on Forte Bromofort.
Shooting a pinhole ”movie” with a matchbox camera

Is it possible to make a movie using a home built pinhole camera? Of course. Lena Källberg shows us how.

Tarja Trygg
Solargraphy – The art of catching the sun’s path through a pinhole camera

Tarja Trygg, of Finland is mapping out the sun all over the world. In her amazing pinhole project, she sends her pinhole cameras all over the world to record the paths of the sun all over the world.

The focal length of your pinhole camera is the distance between the pinhole and the paper or film you have loaded the camera with.
Taking the picture – pinholes and f-stops

An excerpt from From pinhole to print – Inspiration, instructions and insights in less than an hour. What to consider when taking photographs with a pinhole camera.

Brian J Krummel
The Pinhole Camera: 35 mm Matchbox

An extract from Brian J. Krummel's new pinhole book The Pinhole Camera - A Practical How-To Book for Making Pinhole Cameras and Images.

negatives
Wet Contact Printing for Paper Negatives

If you're in the darkroom and have just developed a negative image, from say a pinhole camera. You wonder how to turn it into a positive image. This an easy step-by-step to how.

From pinhole to print
Why pinhole?

An excerpt from From pinhole to print – Inspiration, instructions and insights in less than an hour. The beautiful qualities of a pinhole print.

Platinum and palladiums

Becoming a practical printing method by 1873, platinum, and the less expensive palladium process has a rich heritage of which marvelous works abound from scores of well known artists. Although sensitive to paper choices, platinum/palladium images are highly stable, producing exquisite warm tones.

pix_glass-coating
Carrier Clear Coating For Printing Platinum/Paladium/Gold And Pigment On Glass

Bill Winkler shows us how to coat glass for platinum and palladium printing.

Illustration 5. Mexican Artillery Position, San Jacinto, Texas. Pure palladium.
Palladium: The Ziatype+

An excerpt on the Palladium and Ziatype process from The Old Made New - Richard Eugene Puckett’s Dry Print-Out Processes with Gold, Palladium, and Platinum.

Gary Auerbach
Platinotype printmaking

Gary Auerbach recounts the personal journey that led to his discovery of the platinotype printmaking process 20 years ago, and outlines a simple technique for making your own prints using this archival and very beautiful process.

platinum and palladium
Platinum and palladium developers and solutions

Jill Enfiled outlines the chemicals to use for developing pl pd prints.

platinum palladium history
Platinum Palladium Printing – Roots that bare many Branches?

Eric Neilsen gives us a brief history of Platinum Palladium Printing and explains how it has branched out.

platinum and palladium
Platinum printmaking made simple

Gary Auerbach makes an attempt to simplify the platinum process.

printing preparations
Preparations for iron-based printing

The equipment, materials and handling procedures you will need for the three iron-based processes - new cyanotype, argyrotype and platino-palladiotype.

Satista photography
Satista prints

A description of the Satista photographic print process by Marek Matusz.

Logevity of platina and palladium prints
The longevity of platinum and palladium prints, a synopsis

Marco Boeringa, though not himself a platinum & palladium printer yet, researches the longevity of the print.

platinum and palladium
The platino-palladiotype process

The following method of printing in platinum, palladium, or a mixture of both metals, has been evolved to overcome the difficulties and disadvantages of the traditional platinotype.

Taylor Whitney
The platinum print: a catalyst for discussion

This article is Taylor Whitney's take on the Platinum print. A very in-depth and well researched piece of writing.

ziatype photograph
The ziatype process

An extract from Christina Z. Anderson's book Alternative Processes Condensed, which includes a lot more information on several alternative processes.

Polaroid lifts and transfers

Utilizing Polaroid peel-apart films, an artist can lift or separate a developed print and join the image to another surface, such as paper. In a transfer, the artist takes the negative portion while still in development and, using a brayer, presses the image onto a desired surface.

Framing polaroids
Framing polaroids

Palma Allen shows us how to Slit-Mount Polaroid Time Zero Mono Prints in a professional manner.

Cody Goddard
Polaroid 669 transfer process: A hybrid process

Cody Goddard discovered a process to use the throwaway side of 669 film to make an additional print.

Jane A. Linders
Polaroid emulsion lifts

Jane A. Linders shows us how to make Polaroid emulsion lifts.

Ivy Bigbee
Polaroid Emulsion Lifts equipment – how Ivy Bigbee works

The Polaroid emulsion lift technique is both easy and fun - once you've figured out what equipment to use and where to find it. Ivy Bigbee shares her experience.

gary auerbach
Polaroid Image Transfer equipment – how Gary Auerbach works

The Polaroid transfer technique is both easy and fun - once you've figured out what equipment to use and where to find it. Gary Auerbach shares his experience

polaroid time zero
Polaroid instant peel-apart manipulation

Erik Wiklund shows us how to transfer Polaroids onto glass.

Polaroid SX-70 Time Zero
Polaroid SX-70 / Time Zero Equipment – how Renata Ratajczyk works

The Polaroid SX-70 technique is both easy and fun - once you've figured out what equipment to use and where to find it. Renata Ratajczyk shares her experience.

Polaroid time zero
Polaroid SX-70, or time zero process

Scott Wittenburg on the unpredictable Polaroid SX-70 process.

Wendy Cook
Polaroid Transfer equipment – how Wendy Cook works

The Polaroid Image Transfer technique is both easy and fun - once you've figured out what equipment to use and where to find it. Wendy Cook shares her experience.

Nitsa Malik Polaroid image transfer
Transfer to Polaroid

Time to dig out those old Polaroid photos you took many years ago. There was a reason you kept it. Read on and Nitsa Malik will tell you what do to with them.

Polaroid SX-70 manipulations

Referring to either or both the Polaroid SX-70 camera manufactured throughout the 1970's and the celebrated SX-70 Integral films, beautiful image manipulations can be achieved through the use of this engaging camera/film technology.

Scott Wittenburg SX-70 manipulation podcast
Polaroid SX-70 manipulations – the video

Lesson 31 of Photography 101 by Scott Wittenburg. Scott Wittenburgs podcast on how to manipulate Polaroid SX-70 photographs. 12 minutes long.

Color Shade First Flush
Subtle blues: Impossible Color Shade

Elizabeth Graves reviews the first edition of The Impossible Project's experimental color film, Color Shade First Flush and finds the aged prints resemble color photographs of earlier eras.

POP - printing-out process

This term is typically used to identify both a paper and/or process. Essentially, an image is created on a surface through the action of light exposure alone without any chemical development, i.e. the image is visible and fully formed at the conclusion of exposure. The albumen printing process and the salted paper process are examples of POP as a method. However, POP also refers to a classification of specially formulated silver chloride contact printing papers. Azo, now discontinued, was a once popular POP produced by Kodak.

Pop print out process
Printing-Out Processes

Printing-Out Processes: An excerpt from Steve Anchell's book - The Darkroom Cookbook.

Saltprints

Salt printing, originally developed by Fox Talbot and typically practiced until the 1850’s, combines salt, silver nitrate, and a UV light source to produce delightful reddish brown images.

Salted paper
A dash of salt

A description of the salted paper print process with some interesting variations.

Scott Wittenburg Salt prints
How to make salt prints – the video

Lesson 38 of Photography 101 by Scott Wittenburg. Scott Wittenburgs podcast on how to make salt prints. 11 minutes long.

The Salt print manual by Ellie Young
Salt printing: Exposing the print

An excerpt from Ellie Young's book "The salt print manual" on how to expose a salt print.

“The Open Door, Forbidden City, Beijing” by Brian Young. Toned cyanotype.
Salt prints and cyanotypes: a short history of printing processes

Brian Young tells the fascinating story of salt prints and cyanotypes - photographic printing processes from the 19th Century.

Green Cove, Virginia / Salt print from paper negative on canvas.
Using paper negatives to make salt prints

Nitsa describes how to make salt prints - on a tight budget. She uses a paper negative.

Surveys and polls

Your opinion and views.

How do YOU use alternative photographic processes?

Please help out by filling out this survey - an initiative of Dutch Alternative Photography: The Practice of Alternative Photographic Processes Worldwide.

Survey
The Big Cyanotype Exposure Survey – Results

Experienced cyantoype printers share their knowledge in this survey.

Survey
The Big Cyanotype Exposure Survey – take part

The cyanotype is a great way to get started with alternative process, to help beginners figuring out the right exposure time - since they're different dependent on your climate or where you are based - we are now doing a Cyanotype survey.

Survey
The Big Paper Survey – take part

Artists and photographers share their experience with photographic papers

Survey
The Big Paper Survey – The results

Artists and photographers share their experience with photographic papers, see the results

The newsletter survey

We asked you what you think about our newsletter. 300 of you replied before we closed the survey. Here is what you thought.

Survey
The sizing survey – take part

What is the best source of information if not photographers working actively with alternative photographic processes? By taking a short minute and answering a few questions you can share your own valuable experience.

Survey
The sizing survey – the results

Photographers working actively with alternative photographic processes have shared their experience on which papers they size and which formula they use.

Temperaprints

Eggs, ammonium bichromate, and a variety of pigments including acrylics come together for an exercise of multiple printing under a UV light. Created by the late Peter Frederick, this process is suitable for printing on synthetic materials such as Yupo.

Alex Chater
Temperaprint (Chater)

Alex Chater gives us a basic introduction to the temperaprint process in as simple, quick and low-tech way as possible.

Tempera print process
The fundamentals of temperaprint

Peter Fredrick and Alex Chater explains the colorful temperaprint process.

Toning

Toning your alternative photographic process prints.

split toning
Split-Toning: Background and Historical Antecedents

Jonathan Bailey defines split-toning and tells it's history.

Jonathan Bailey
Split-Toning: Processes and Procedures

Jonathan Bailey lets us in on his formulaes and procedures for attempting split-toning.

Toning black and white prints
Toning black & white photographs with organic materials

Terri Sprinkle gives plenty of tips how to tone and hand color black & white photographs, the classic way and the organic way.

Transfers and lifts

acrylic-lift
Acrylic gel lift & transfer: Acrylic side up version – an alternative to an alternative process

Brady Wilks takes us through the acrylic gel lift and transfer in a step by step complete with trouble shooting.

gel-transfer-16rollout
Acrylic gel lift and transfer

A taste of what will soon be a book by Brady Wilks.

Jill Enfield’s Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes: Popular Historical and Contemporary Techniques
Ceramics and photography – a beginning

Many alternative photographic processes can be used to print on ceramics and clay. In this excerpt from "Jill Enfield's Guide to Photographic Alternative Processes", Jill shows us how to print Pyrofoto, Laser Transfers, Gum bichromates, Cyanotypes, Silkscreen PhotoEZ and Phototransfer onto different surfaces.

Wet inkjet transfer print
Inkjet wet transfer prints

A digital inkjet wet transfer print can be done in several variations manipulating the print to suit the artist's expression. Brady Wilks show us how.

nitsa-transfer-1
Mixed media collage and photo transfer to canvas

Looking for something to hang on your wall? Here is how to create a transfer collage on canvas.

Wood Craft Photography
Photography on wood

Jason Land shows us how to transfer images onto wood.

Lhotka-pigment-transfer
Pigment emulsion transfer to Stone paper

An excerpt from Bonny Lhotka's book Digital Alchemy on how to make pigment transfers.

Wetplate collodions

Wetplate, or wet collodion process dates from 1851 through the work of Frederick Archer. A glass plate is coated with cellulose nitrate, an iodide, and silver nitrate. The plate is then exposed and processed  while still wet. The tintype is a version of wetplate which utilizes a sheet of black painted metal.

Building a large format camera
Against all good advice: how to build a large format camera for wet collodion work at home

The unlikely story of how Elizabeth Graves built a large format camera, modified film holders by her own design to hold wet plates, mixed collodion chemistry without blowing up her home, used her garage door as a shutter, and (after several adjustments) got her homemade plates into a group gallery show in New York City.

Ambrotype Emma Bjorndahl
Ambrotypes – a beginner’s view

Emma Bjorndahl has recently learned a new skill - making ambrotypes. She shares her passion and frustrations with this process.

history collodion
History of the colloidon process

A history Wetplate collodion process and the different products produced: Ambrotypes, Ferrotypes and the Negative process.

tin types
The classic tintype process

Also known as ferrotypes. Ken Watson gives us the details and how-to.

tin types
The modern tintype process

The modern tintype is also known as ferrotypes outlined by Tina Maas.

tin types
The wetplate collodion process

Ken Watson, a serious "wet head" shares his joy and experience of making wet plate collodions.

Polaroid EE100 camera
Wet plate collodion with a Polaroid camera

Got an old Polaroid camera sitting around somewhere? Since the camera film making business is on decline (Polaroid is no more, Fuji film is still around) the camera needs to find other uses. For example; take the film holder and convert it to an excellent wet plate holder. Jalo Porkkala shows you how.

Making wet plate collodions
Wet-Plate Collodion Process – Ambrotypes

Alexey Alexeev talks us though the wet plate collodion, or ambrotype process. From history to final print.

Woodburytypes

For more than half a century, Woodburytypes were a standard in high quality photographic reproduction. Related to the intaglio printing process, Woodburytypes employ materials such as gelatin and pigment, and historically required the use of a hand press.

woodbury types
The woodburytype process

Woodburytype, Woodbury-process and Photo-lithophane by Nicolai Klimaszewski.

Words, terms and slogans

Photographic words, terms and slogans explained.

slogans history
Glossary and explanations for Digital Negatives

Starting out with making digital negatives you may come across some terms you've never seen before, like "gamut", "ppi" and "random dots". This glossary may make a little more sense of it all.

slogans history
Glossary of Terms

This is the glossary of Terms for Taylor Whitney's article 'The platinum print: a catalyst for discussion'.

slogans history
History of Photographic Words and Slogans

A list of photographic words and their origin. The article is a work in progress and any historians out there with their finger on the facts should feel free to add to this list.

X-o-type-files

Almost like the x-files.

x-o-type-files
Alexandrotype

Alexandrotype from the x-o-type files

x-o-type-files
Cardiotype

Cardiotypes from the X-o-type-files

x-o-type-files
Foliotype

Foliotypes from the x-o-type files

x-o-type-files
Fulgurotype

Fulgurotypes from the x-o-type files

x-o-type-files
Neurotype

We are pleased to announce an exciting newly-invented iron-based printing process, which we are today offering to the alternative photographic process community.

x-o-type-files
Persicotype

Persicotype from the x-o-type files

x-o-type-files
Retinotype

Retinotypes from the x-o-type files.
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